Archives for December 2020


Like most enterprises in 2020, horse racing was severely disrupted as the result of Covid-19, which began to drastically affect the United States in March.  But not all of the disruptions were caused by the pandemic.

Covid-Related Disruptions

The racing calendar was radically altered when the Kentucky Derby was moved from May to September and the Preakness from May to October.  While the Belmont was run on its usual date in June, the 1 1/2 mile classic was abbreviated to 1 1/8 miles.  Racing fans were not permitted at any of these events and the same held for the Breeders’ Cup in November and for virtually all racetracks. 

In spite of such turmoil, pari-mutuel wagering fared remarkably well.  On December 4, Equibase released key performance metrics comparing 2020 through November to the first eleven months of 2019.  Total wagering in the U. S. was down in 2020 by only 1.48% vs. 2019 even though there were 26.28% fewer race days in 2020 (3,073 vs. 4,173) and 24.5% fewer races run (25,692 vs. 34,038).  Santa Anita recorded record betting handle on December 26, so December wagering may continue the trend.

No doubt the vastly increased TV exposure by Fox cable television, especially during the summer Saratoga meet and the fall Belmont meet, helped immensely to soften the damage done by racing without on-track attendance.

Non-Covid-Related Disruptions

In March, some two dozen racing participants were indicted by federal authorities for alleged horse doping.  These included veterinarians, trainers, and pharmacists.  The trainer of 2019 disqualified Kentucky Derby winner Maximum Security was among the people charged. 

The Horseracing Integrity and Safety Act was passed by Congress and signed into law on December 27.  It gives authority to a non-governmental institution to oversee medication and safety policies, rules, and procedures, thereby acting as an umbrella organization for state racing commissions. 

In most cases, regulation of business is best left to the states.  However, state racing commissions have such diverse policies and approaches to regulation of horse racing that it has for years created confusion and uneven treatment of offenders.  The newly authorized oversight institution will be a major step forward in terms of improving horse racing’s image among bettors and casual fans.  But it will not be a panacea, as demonstrated by the fact that other sports have a similar non-governmental body and still have been scandalized by high-profile medication and doping violations.  Anytime competition comes with monetary rewards, there will be people who try to beat the system.   

Everything considered, American horse racing did far better in 2020 than most people expected. Bettors did not pull back all that much and the industry got a huge late-year boost in terms of a federally-sanctioned private organization to impose uniformity across the states.

All sports have experienced a downdraft during 2020, most notably the National Football League, by far the most popular and most profitable sport in the United States. Nielsen television ratings service found that television viewership of NFL games is down 7% in 2020 and networks have been giving rebates to advertisers. According to a survey of 2,220 adults by Morning Consult pertaining to their TV viewership, the main reasons why fans in the study are not watching NFL games are: “17% cited politics, social justice, or general contempt for athletes”; 16% were “too busy”; and 14% specified “other entertainment activities.”

Horse racing has largely avoided controversial and inflammatory political and social issues that the Morning Consult survey demonstrates have badly damaged the National Football League and some other sports as well.

Copyright © Horse Racing Business 2020


This week I received an email from Highclere Thoroughbred Racing suggesting that participating in one of its partnerships would be a “perfect Christmas present.”  Highclere Castle, the namesake of Highclere Thoroughbred Racing and Highclere Stud, is the site of the fictitious Downton Abbey, the immensely popular British historical drama series for television that also was made into a movie with a sequel upcoming. 

The chairman and managing director of Highclere Thoroughbred Racing is Harry Herbert, who is the younger brother of George Herbert the eighth Earl of Carnarvon and the current resident of Highclere Castle.  Their sister Carolyn Warren and her husband John Warren own Highclere Stud, which was established by the fifth Earl of Carnarvon in 1902.  John Warren is bloodstock advisor to Queen Elizabeth II and other prominent racehorse owners.

The venerable history of the Herbert family in horse racing makes Highclere Castle a special place for folks who are fans of the sport as well as the Downton Abbey TV series. (Click here to visit the Highclere Castle website and scroll down to experience its beauty at Christmas.)

Wishing you a blessed holiday season.


Techniques for coaching human athletes and training racehorses have changed over the years with the application of video feedback, nutritional improvements, conditioning discoveries, more accurate timing technologies, and advanced medical procedures.  Now, artificial intelligence or AI promises to make further advancements.

For example, Forbes describes how Pixellot, a six-year-old Israeli company that employs “technology to maximize talent,” for such college programs as Virginia basketball, Penn State and Indiana soccer, as well as for several premier international soccer clubs.  Forbes states that Pixellot “has been using artificial intelligence to quietly upend the way players and coaches watch games—and even practices.”  Pixellot is “a tool for player-improvement and coaching, a way to break down weaknesses and find ways to get better, no matter the player’s level or the sport.” 

The main focus of the Forbes article is Deni Avdija, a 6-7 Israel basketball player for Maccabi Tel Aviv, who was drafted ninth in the first round of the 2020 National Basketball Association by the Washington Wizards.  Maccabi and Avdija have been a testing ground for applying artificial intelligence to practice and game video to hone players’ techniques.

Likely, there would be some skepticism and resistance to using artificial intelligence to train racehorses and plan racing tactics. But experimentation will no doubt take place by some forward-thinking owners and trainers looking for a legal edge.  Artificial intelligence has the capacity to identify patterns that human brains often miss. 

I recall reading that prior to the 1982 Kentucky Derby, Gato Del Sol’s co-owner, Arthur Hancock III, was concerned with the colt’s number 18 post position.  Reportedly, Mr. Hancock contacted a high-school classmate who he had remembered as a math whiz to ask about the path his jockey should take out of the starting gate to give the colt the best chance to win.  Fed enough data, artificial intelligence can answer precisely this type of question.

Copyright © 2020 Horse Racing Business